Alessandra Mussolini was born in Rome, Italy on 30 December 1962, the daughter of Benito Mussolini's fourth son Romano and the niece of actress Sophia Loren. With the help of her aunt, she became an actress during the 1970s, and she also became a pop musician and a glamour model, appearing on the cover of German Playboy in November 1983. She graduated from the Sapienza University of Rome in 1986, and she starred in her final film in 1990.
In 1992, Mussolini was elected to parliament in a Naples constituency as a member of the fascist Italian Social Movement (later the National Alliance of Italy), and she challenged the party leader Gianfranco Fini for the leadership in 2002 when he withdrew his support for the policies of Benito Mussolini, and she formed her own Social Action party in 2003. She had some progressive viewpoints such as her support for feminism, abortion, artificial insemination, gay rights, and civil unions, and her opponents labelled her as a "left-winger" and "socialist" for her social liberal views. In 2013, she became a member of Forza Italia, and she was elected to the European Parliament in 2014.