Anne of Bohemia and Hungary was born in Budapest, Hungary on 23 July 1503, the elder child of Vladislaus II of Hungary and Anne of Foix-Candale. Anne belonged to the Polish House of Jagiellon, as did her brother, King Louis II of Hungary. Her mother died when she was three, and her father died in 1516; they were raised by Emperor Maximilian I of Germany, and she was arranged to marry Maximilian's grandson Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, the child of Philip I of Castile and Joanna the Mad. On 26 May 1521, she married Ferdinand in Linz, Austria, and Ferdinand was made Louis II's heir in the case of his death without any children. After Louis was killed in battle with the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Mohacs in 1526, Ferdinand became the new King of Bohemia and Hungary, with Anne serving as his consort. Anne bore Ferdinand fourteen children, and she died just three days after giving birth to her last child, Joanna of Austria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, in 1547. She did not survive to become Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, with her husband taking on the title of Holy Roman Emperor in 1558.