Chinese Conservatives

The Conservatives were a reactionary faction of hardline Manchu nobleman in the Qing imperial court that emerged in the 1890s and 1900s. They consisted of many former members of the Imperial Faction and sought to preserve their power from the Reformers and their liberal allies, as well as the conservative and ambitious Beiyang clique. Preferring state capitalism, jingoism, and moralism, the Conservatives sought to defend the traditional order in China that existed for centuries and were highly anti-foreigner. One of its main leaders besides the Empress Dowager Cixi was Zaiyi, Prince Dun. It ceased to exist after the 1911 Xinhai Revolution overthrew the Qing Dynasty.