Halifax is the capital of the province of Nova Scotia, Canada. The town was established by the British in 1749, and it was named for George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, an important colonial official. The town replaced Annapolis-Royal as the capital of Nova Scotia, and it grew into a city in 1842. Halifax would become one of the most business-friendly cities in the country, and the city had a high quality of life. In 2016, the Halifax metro area had a population of 403,390 people.