The Hiei was an Imperial Japanese Navy battlecruiser that was laid down at the Yokosuka Naval Arsenal in 1944 and commissioned on 4 August 1914. The ship patrolled off the China coast during World War I, and the ship served as Emperor Hirohito's transport during the 1930s. After being reconstructed in 1937, Hiei became a fast battleship, and she took part in the invasion of the East Indies and the Indian Ocean Raid. During the Battle of Guadalcanal, she escorted Japanese carriers at the Battle of the Eastern Solomons and the Battle of Santa Cruz, and she was crippled by American cruisers and destroyers at the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal. Subjected to continuous air attack, she sunk on 14 November 1942.