The Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (IRPT) was an Islamic democratic political party in Tajikistan that existed from 1990 to 2015. The party was founded in 1990, and it held a conference in Saratov, Russia in 1992. Upon Tajik independence in 1993, the party was banned by the government, leading to the Tajik Civil War. The IRPT, democratic reformists, supporters of the autonomous Gorno-Badakhshan authority, and Jamiat-e Islami members allied to form the United Tajik Opposition, which fielded up to 200,000 fighters during the bloody struggle against the Tajik government. In 1998, the IRPT was legalized, and it became the second-largest party in the country a year later. In 2015, it was once more outlawed after being labelled as a terrorist organization, putting an end to the only legal Islamist party in Central Asia. At the time of its banning, it had 40,000 members.