Italian Resistance
The Italian Resistance was a resistance movement that existed in Italy from 1943 to 1945 during World War II, with up to 350,000 partisans fighting for the Allied Powers against the Axis occupation forces during the war. The resistance movement was formed by anti-fascist partisans who fought against the German Wehrmacht and the Italian Social Republic's forces in northern Italy following the German occupation of Italy, and the resistance fighters' political views were mainly various forms of communism, socialism, anarchism, republicanism, and liberalism, with a few believing in Christian democracy, social democracy, or monarchism. The resistance formed the National Liberation Committee (CLN) to coordinate its activities during its guerrilla war against the fascists from the armistice with the Western Allies on 8 September 1943 until the German surrender in Italy on 2 May 1945. The modern republic in Italy was founded on the struggle of the resistance, as free elections held after the war led to the abolition of the monarchy.