The Republic of Uganda is an East African country with its capital at Kampala. In 1894, the United Kingdom colonized what is now Uganda and ruled it as the "Uganda Protectorate", and Uganda was granted independence on 9 October 1962. Uganda's history was marred with several dictatorships and civil wars, with Idi Amin seizing power from Milton Obote in 1971 and embarking on an anti-Asian ethnic cleansing campaign, Obote regaining power in 1979 as the result of a war between Uganda and Tanzania, Obote being overthrown by Yoweri Museveni in 1986 as the result of the Ugandan Bush War, and the dictator Museveni facing a rebellion by the Christian Lord's Resistance Army militia after 1987. Today, Uganda is one of the world's poorest countries, and it still suffers from political instability. In 2017, Uganda had a population of 37,873,253 people.