1880 election
The United States presidential election, 1880 was held on 2 November 1880. The Republican Party and the Democratic Party both chose American Civil War Union generals as their candidates, with the Republicans choosing James A. Garfield and the Democrats choosing Winfield Scott Hancock. The socialist Greenback Party ran another general, James B. Weaver, as its candidate, but it failed to gain widespread support. The Republicans fought to implement tariffs and to block Chinese immigration, while the Democrats fought for "tariffs on revenue only" and also to block immigration. The Republicans gained support in the northeast and the Midwest, while the Democrats controlled the "Solid South" for the first time, holding onto this region until the 1970s. Garfield won the election with 214 votes, while Hancock received 155 votes.