Urbano Figueira (1809—1883) was a Portuguese naval officer who commanded the Portuguese Navy during part of the reign of King Luís I of Portugal. A young lieutenant during the Omani-Portuguese War, he took part in Portgual's colonial conflicts and was later briefly stationed in East Timor. He became an expert in naval tactics and was a skilled commander. Figueira later commanded the West Africa Squadron of the Portuguese Royal Navy before being promoted to the post of chief of the navy. However, he died of old age while holding the post in 1883, being replaced by his predecessor, Admiral Ernesto da Silva.