The Republic of Yemen is a country located in the Arabian Peninsula in the Middle East. It is the second-largest country in the peninsula after Saudi Arabia, but the country consists mostly of deserts, with most of the population living in the cities on the shore or in the west of the country. The capital is Sana'a.
In 2014, 24,000,000 people lived in Yemen, with Arabs being the majority of the population, with Afro-Arabs, South Asians, and Europeans following behind. The population increased at a rapid rate; in 1978, there were 55,000 people in the city of Sana'a, but in the early 21st century, there were over 2,000,000 people. 99% of Yemenis are Muslim and 1% other religions, with 60% of the Muslim population being Sunni and 40% Shia. The country is an Islamic republic, with many judges also being religious judges and laws being governed by sharia, the strict interpretation of the Qur'an.