Zell Bryan Miller was born in the small mountain town of Young Harris, Georgia, United States on 24 February 1932. He graduated from the University of Georgia with a bachelor's and master's degree in history, and he served in the US Marine Corps from 1953 to 1956, attaining the rank of Sergeant and transforming him from a troubled youth into a mature adult. From 1959 to 1960, Miller served as Mayor of Young Harris as a Southern Democrat, and he served two terms as a State Senator during the 1960s. In 1964 and 1966, he sought election to the US House of Representatives as a segregationist candidate, and he later became chief-of-staff for Governor Lester Maddox. In 1974, he was elected Lieutenant-Governor, serving from 1975 to 1991. In 1990, he defeated Republican Party member Johnny Isakson to become Governor of Georgia, with James Carville managing his campaign. Miller was a staunch promoter of public education, and he was originally pro-choice, but he later shifted his views to pro-life. He won re-election in 1994 as a cultural conservative, and his successor Roy Barnes appointed him to the US Senate to replace the late Paul Coverdell after he left office in 2000, as Miller was a conservative. During the 2000s, he began to praise the Republicans and frequently criticized the Democrats, but he swore to remain a Democrat until the day he died. He left the Senate in 2005, and he became a Fox News contributor and a law firm employee.